In the end, the duo identified a 30% increase in risk over the study period from 2010 to 2019. During this period, suicides among young Americans increased by 63%. Among girls, gun-related deaths increased by 46%. The risk also increased by 45% in young whites and 36% in young blacks.

But the increase in risk played out differently by geography.

For one thing, 18 states had so few youth gun-related deaths that no conclusions about trends in risk could be drawn, the study authors noted.

At the same time, while young South Americans saw their risk of dying after a gun interaction increase by 52%, California and three northeastern states (New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania) n experienced no increased risk, the results showed.

A numerical analysis suggested a possible reason: All four states had relatively strict book laws devoted to limiting a child’s access to firearms.

Conversely, six of the seven states with the largest increase in child gun deaths had no laws on children’s access to firearms, or only very weak laws in relation to firearms. square. These states included South Carolina, Arkansas, Colorado, Ohio, Kansas, Texas, and Indiana.

Khubchandani said this trend suggests that “reforming regulations and reviewing access to guns is an important part of the equation directly responsible for youth gun-related deaths.” At the same time, he acknowledged that poverty, crime, rates of household gun ownership and difficulty accessing mental health care likely also play a role.

Absent a major change in these factors, “we can likely see this trend of youth gun deaths getting worse,” he warned.

The results were published recently in the American Journal of Medicine Open.

Ari Davis is a political analyst with the Washington-based Coalition to Stop Gun Violence, DC Davis warned that current analysis, alone, does not prove that tougher gun laws actually reduce risk among young people.

“However, there is a body of research showing that strict gun laws are linked to reduced gun deaths,” Davis noted. “Access Prevention Laws Reduce Youth Suicides, Homicide and Unintentional Injury.”